Salem, OR Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Salem, Oregon - Basic Facts

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The City of Salem is the 3rd largest city in Oregon with a population of 165,386 as of July 1, 2017. Salem ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Oregon. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Salem is located at latitude 44.9237 and longitude -123.0232 in Marion County. The formal boundaries for the City of Salem (see map below) encompass a land area of 48.57 sq. miles and a water area of 0.55 sq. miles. Marion County is in the Pacific time zone (GMT -8). The elevation is 157 feet.

While the primary coordinates for City of Salem are located in Marion County, it should be noted that the formal boundaries for this community also extend into and Polk County.

The City of Salem (GNIS ID: 2411764) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Oregon is one of 20 states where Census County Divisions (CCDs) are used for statistical tracking of subdivisions within each county. The City of Salem is located within Salem Division of Marion County.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Salem population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2017.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Salem: Chemeketa.

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City of Salem, OR Boundary Map

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Boundary Maps: Salem Division | Marion County | Oregon Counties

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Salem, OR Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2017)


Total Population 165,386
Daytime Population: Workers 107,741
Daytime Population: Residents 86,182
Total Daytime Population (TDP) 193,923
Ratio TDP/Total Population1 1.17
Population in Households 156,691
Population in Familes 121,212
Population in Group Qrtrs 8,695
Population Density2 3,405
Diversity Index3 61


Median Household Income $52,030
Average Household Income $68,804
Per Capita Income $26,282


Total Housing Units 64,537 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 32,629 (50.6%)
Renter Occupied HU 27,815 (43.1%)
Vacant Housing Units 4,093 ( 6.3%)
Median Home Value $211,280
Average Home Value $245,598


Total Households 60,444
Average Household Size 2.59
Family Households 37,841
Average Family Size 3
  1. If the ratio of the TDP to Total Population is greater than 1, the location gains population during the day when commuting workers are present. If the ratio is less than 1, the location is more of a bedroom community where people commute to another place for work.
  2. Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
  3. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.


2010-2017 2017-2022
Population 0.9% 0.94%
Households 0.71% 0.89%
Families 0.56% 0.78%
Median Household Income   2.24%
Per Capita Income   2.51%

Salem, OR - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Salem to the other 378 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Oregon by rank and percentile using July 1, 2017 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 3 99th
Population Density # 59 85th
Diversity Index # 41 90th
Median Household Income # 153 60th
Per Capita Income # 156 59th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Oregon Census Data Comparison Tool.

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