Salem, OR Community Profile: Data

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Salem, Oregon - Basic Facts

Salem is the common name for the community and surrounding area while the formal official name is the City of Salem.

It is an incorporated place (Class Code P1) located in Marion County at latitude 44.9429 and longitude -123.0351. Marion County is in the Pacific time zone (GMT -8). The elevation is 157 feet.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Salem: Chemeketa.

Camera Icon Photos of the local Salem, OR area

Also See: Salem, OR ZIP Codes and ZIP Code Maps

Salem, OR - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Salem to the other 377 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Oregon by rank and percentile using July 1, 2014 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 3 99th
Population Density1 # 58 85th
Diversity Index2 # 39 90th
Median Household Income # 179 53rd
Per Capita Income # 169 55th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Oregon Census Data Comparison Tool.


Salem, OR Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2014)


Total Population 158,073
Population in Households 149,713
Population in Familes 116,393
Population in Group Qrtrs 8,360
Population Density1 3,300
Diversity Index2 60


Total Households 58,488
Average Household Size 2.56
Family Households 36,725
Average Family Size 3


Total Housing Units 62,566 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 31,872 (50.9%)
Renter Occupied HU 26,616 (42.5%)
Vacant Housing Units 4,078 ( 6.5%)
Median Home Value $188,513
Average Home Value $215,281


Median Household Income $46,462
Average Household Income $61,456
Per Capita Income $23,332
  (Compound Annual Growth Rates)


2010-2014 2014-2019
Population 0.52% 0.61%
Households 0.49% 0.63%
Families 0.3% 0.5%
Median Household Income   3.17%
Per Capita Income   3.04%
1) Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
2) The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelyhood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
Based on Census 2010 counts, the Diversity Index for the United States was 60.6 and it is expected to increase to 64.8 by July 1, 2018.

Information Updates

The Demographic Data for the 1,038 Oregon cities, towns, counties, ZIP Codes and Census Designated Places (CDPs) profiled in this gazetteer is updated annually. Last Update: July 1, 2014.

The ZIP Code maps and the data regarding the number of residential and business addresses in each ZIP Code are updated four times per year. Last Update: November 1, 2014.

The information on the 59,893 Oregon Physical, Cultural and Historic Features is updated six times per year. Last Update: December 2, 2014.

The School Attendance Zone Maps for 1,206 Oregon public schools are updated four times per year. Last Update: October 6, 2014.